25: Should stress-dose steroids be given?


Manage episode 294417528 series 2529779
By David Hao, MD, David Hao, and MD. Discovered by Player FM and our community — copyright is owned by the publisher, not Player FM, and audio is streamed directly from their servers. Hit the Subscribe button to track updates in Player FM, or paste the feed URL into other podcast apps.

In this episode, Dr. Jonathan Charnin and Dr. Daniel Saddawi-Konefka join us to explore the evidence around perioperative stress dose steroids and adrenal insufficiency.

Thanks for listening!

If you enjoy our content, leave a 5-star review on Apple Podcasts and consider helping us offset the costs of production by donating through our Patreon at https://bit.ly/3n0sklh.


Follow us on Instagram @DepthofAnesthesia and on Twitter @DepthAnesthesia for podcast and literature updates.

Email us at depthofanesthesia@gmail.com with episode ideas or if you'd like to join our team.

Music by Stephen Campbell, MD.



Axelrod L. Perioperative management of patients treated with glucocorticoids. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2003 Jun;32(2):367-83. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8529(03)00008-2. PMID: 12800537.

Bromberg JS, Baliga P, Cofer JB, et al. Stress steroids are not required for patients receiving a renal allograft and undergoing operation. J Am Coll Surg 1995;180:532–536.

Christy NP. Corticosteroid withdrawal. In: Current Therapy in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 3rd Ed, Bardin CW (Ed), BC Decker, New York 1988. P.113.

Glowniak JV, Loriaux DL. A double-blind study of perioperative steroid requirements in secondary adrenal insufficiency. Surgery. 1997 Feb;121(2):123-9. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6060(97)90280-4. PMID: 9037222.

Kehlet H, Binder C. Adrenocortical function and clinical course during and after surgery in unsupplemented glucocorticoid-treated patients. Br J Anaesth. 1973 Oct;45(10):1043-8. doi: 10.1093/bja/45.10.1043. PMID: 4772640.

LEWIS L, ROBINSON RF, YEE J, HACKER LA, EISEN G. Fatal adrenal cortical insufficiency precipitated by surgery during prolonged continuous cortisone treatment. Ann Intern Med. 1953 Jul;39(1):116-26. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-39-1-116. PMID: 13065993.

Melanie M. Liu, Andrea B. Reidy, Siavosh Saatee, Charles D. Collard; Perioperative Steroid Management: Approaches Based on Current Evidence. Anesthesiology 2017; 127:166–172 doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000001659

Prete A, Yan Q, Al-Tarrah K, Akturk HK, Prokop LJ, Alahdab F, Foster MA, Lord JM, Karavitaki N, Wass JA, Murad MH, Arlt W, Bancos I. The cortisol stress response induced by surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2018 Nov;89(5):554-567. doi: 10.1111/cen.13820. Epub 2018 Aug 23. PMID: 30047158.

Rushworth RL, Torpy DJ, Falhammar H. Adrenal Crisis. N Engl J Med. 2019 Aug 29;381(9):852-861. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1807486. PMID: 31461595.

Salem M, Tainsh RE Jr, Bromberg J, Loriaux DL, Chernow B. Perioperative glucocorticoid coverage. A reassessment 42 years after emergence of a problem. Ann Surg. 1994;219(4):416-425. doi:10.1097/00000658-199404000-00013

Thomason JM, Girdler NM, Kendall-Taylor P, Wastell H, Weddel A, Seymour RA. An investigation into the need for supplementary steroids in organ transplant patients undergoing gingival surgery. A double-blind, split-mouth, cross-over study. J Clin Periodontol. 1999 Sep;26(9):577-82. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-051x.1999.260903.x. PMID: 10487307.

Woodcock T, Barker P, Daniel S, Fletcher S, Wass JAH, Tomlinson JW, Misra U, Dattani M, Arlt W, Vercueil A. Guidelines for the management of glucocorticoids during the peri-operative period for patients with adrenal insufficiency: Guidelines from the Association of Anaesthetists, the Royal College of Physicians and the Society for Endocrinology UK. Anaesthesia. 2020 May;75(5):654-663. doi: 10.1111/anae.14963. Epub 2020 Feb 3. Erratum in: Anaesthesia. 2020 Sep;75(9):1252. PMID: 32017012.

Zaghiyan K, Melmed G, Murrell Z, Fleshner P. Are high-dose perioperative steroids necessary in patients undergoing colorectal surgery treated with steroid therapy within the past 12 months? Am Surg. 2011 Oct;77(10):1295-9. PMID: 22127073.

27 episodes