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Welcome to Season 5.0 of AI with AI! Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, including. The White House calls for an AI “bill of rights,” and invites comments for information. In its 4th year, Nathan Benaich and Ian Hogarth publish their State of AI Report, 2021. [1:50] OpenAI uses reinforcement learning from human feedback and recursive task decomposition to improve algorithms’ abilities to summarize books. [3:14] IEEE Spectrum publishes a paper that examines the diminishing returns of deep learning, questioning the long-term viability of the technology. [5:12] In related news, Nvidia and Microsoft release a 530 billion-parameter style language model, the Megatron-Turing Natural Language Generation model (MT-NLG). [6:54] DeepMind demonstrates the use of a GAN in improving high-resolution precipitation “nowcasting.” [10:05] Researchers from Waterloo, Guelph, and IIT Madras publish research on deep learning that can identify early warning signals of tipping points. [11:54] Military robot maker Ghost Robots creates a robot dog with a rifle, the Special Purpose Unmanned Rifle, or SPUR. [14:25] And Dr. Larry Lewis joins Dave and Andy to discuss the latest report from CNA on Leveraging AI to Mitigate Civilian Harm, which describes the causes of civilian harm in military operations, identifies how AI could protect civilians from harm, and identifies ways to lessen the infliction of suffering, injury, and destruction overall. [16:36]

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