Manage episode 236183388 series 1093150
Multi Target Stool DNA Test vs. Fecal Occult Blood Test
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Today…..I’m going to be talking to you about the Differences Between Multi Target Stool DNA Test vs. Fecal Occult Blood Test
Medicare offers these Preventative Tests to determine if you have blood in your stool and/or suspected cancerous characteristics.
ColoRectal cancer (CRC) is the second most frequent cause of cancer DEATH in the United States. The Most Frequent Cause of Cancer Death is…… Lung Cancer.
This year, an estimated 145,600 adults in the United States will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
According to Cancer.net…… an estimated 51,020 of the 145,600 adults will die this year…..due to ColoRectal Cancer.
When colorectal cancer is found early, it can often be cured. CURED Nation!
This is due to improvements in treatment and increased screening….. which finds colorectal changes before they turn cancerous and cancer at earlier stages.
Medicare Part B offers TWO Preventative Screening Tests
The First…. Is a Fecal Occult Blood Test
“Fecal Occult” Blood Test is just a scary way of saying….. “ Looking for Blood in your Poop.” The test ONLY detects the “presence” or “absence” of blood in your stool. The test does not indicate potential sources of bleeding and it does not “Diagnos” disease.
“Fecal” means……“Stool” or “Poop”….and…. “Occult Blood” means you can’t see the blood in your stool with the “naked eye,” so….. the specimen is sent to the lab for a closer look.
Blood in the stool may indicate polyps…. or it may indicate cancer in the intestine or rectum….though not all cancers or polyps bleed.
If blood is detected through the “Fecal Occult Blood Test,” additional tests may be needed to determine the source of bleeding as well as “diagnosing” an ailment or disease.
Blood in the stool could also mean Hemorrhoids….which are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus.
Sometimes the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin….. that the veins bulge and get irritated, especially when you poop! Straining while pooping is a major factor in Hemorrhoids. EAT more Fiber Nation! Eat More Vegetables….try Metamucil or Miralax. Straining to poop is not good. Drink more water! You should try to drink at least 96 oz. a day. I use a 24oz bottle I fill 4 x a day….. to get my 96 oz of water. You can do it. It’s important.
Hemorrhoids can cause itching & pain. Hemorrhoids can also bleed.
There are several types of Fecal Occult Blood Tests,
I’m going to discuss the “newer version,” which is called a “ Immunochemical Fecal Occult Blood Test,” (aka iFOBT or FIT)
The IFOBT or FIT test is less of a mess and easy to administer.
Typically, you have a “spoon-like” device to collect the sample of stool and you place the device into a collection container then seal it.
You either return the collection container to your doctor’s office, or you mail it.
There are no dietary restriction with the iFOB-IT and the test can be performed on any random sample of your stool.
Your Doctor will review the results and there are just two options:
- Negative Result, which means no blood was detected in the stool sample you provided.
- Positive Result, which means blood WAS detected in the stool sample you provided.
This type of test ISN’T ALWAYS accurate.
Your fecal occult blood test could show a negative test result when cancer is present (false-negative result) if your cancer or polyps don't bleed.
If you had the test to screen for colon cancer and you're at average risk — you have no colon cancer risk factors other than age — your doctor may recommend waiting one year and then repeating the test.
If you have a “positive result,” You may need additional testing — such as a colonoscopy — to locate the source of the bleeding.
Under Medicare…… The Fecal Occult Blood Test…. can be given ONCE every 12 months if you’re 50 or older, at ZERO Cost to you.
Now….. let’s take a look at Mult-Target Stool DNA Tests.
You will know the “Multi-Target Stool DNA Test” more commonly known as “ColoGuard.”
ColoGuard ……. addresses several barriers to colorectal screening.
- Patient concerns with colonoscopy. Include…having to schedule a separate and lengthy appointment at the testing facility.
- The need to undergo a “Stay Close to my Bathroom” bowel preparation
- the exposure to sedation or anesthesia……and
- the discomfort associated with an invasive imaging process…. Of sticking either the “colono-scope” during a colonoscopy or a flexible sigmoud device up your butt.
By comparison, the “Multi Target Stool DNA” screening test is a noninvasive, “multi-marker”, stool-based ColoRectal Cancer screening test…..
that detects altered De-oxyribo-nucleic Acid (DNA), , as well as a fecal immunochemical test (FIT)… for blood released from cancer and precancerous lesions of the colon.
The presence of fecal hemoglobin….. even in the absence of elevated DNA markers…..can lead to a positive result given the weighted nature of the Multi Target Stool DNA algorithm.
Patients may collect and mail stool specimens from their homes with no bowel preparations and no dietary or medication restrictions.
Medicare covers this at-home multi-target stool DNA lab test…. once every 3 years…if you meet ALL of these conditions:
- You’re between the age of 50-85.
- You show NO CURRENT symptoms of colorectal disease including, but not limited to one of these:
- Lower gastrointestinal pain
- Blood in stool
- Positive Guaiac fecal occult blood test….which is an older version of the Immunochemical Test… where you “smear” stool onto a TEST Card with a wooden applicator or brush. The Guaiac test has dietary restrictions and you are required to collect “TWO” or more samples from the same Stool Sample for the test. Much Messier than the Immunochemical Fecal Blood Occult Test.
- A Positive Result from a Fecal Blood Occult Test
ALSO YOU NEED TO BE…..
- at average risk for developing colorectal cancer, meaning:
- You have no personal history of (adenomateous ) polyps” which are ….. a common type of polyp. They are gland-like growths that develop on the mucous membrane that lines the large intestine. They are also called adenomas:
You have no personal history of … colorectal cancer, or inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis.
- You have no family history of colorectal cancers or adenomatous polyps, familial adenomatous polyposis, or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
If you meet the above criteria….. You pay nothing for this test if your doctor…. or other qualified health care provider accepts Medicare.
So that’s the difference between Multi Target Stool DNA Tests vs. Fecal Occult Blood Test.
If you haven’t had one of these preventative tests, speak to your primary doctor and get one. It could very well SAVE YOUR LIFE!
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